MySQL Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query MySQL Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query

MySQL is a popular relational database management system used by developers and businesses to store and retrieve data. While working with MySQL, you may encounter various errors that can hinder your database operations. One such error is "Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query." In this article, we'll explore this error, its potential causes, and possible solutions. We'll also provide code examples to help you understand the issue better.

Understanding the Error

The error message "Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query" indicates that the connection between the client (such as your application or MySQL client) and the MySQL server was unexpectedly terminated while executing a query. This can happen due to a variety of reasons, including network issues, server timeouts, or insufficient server resources.

Potential Causes

1. Network issues: The connection between the client and the MySQL server may have been interrupted due to network problems, such as a temporary loss of internet connectivity or a firewall blocking the connection.

2. Timeout settings: MySQL has various timeout settings that control the duration for different operations, such as query execution or connection establishment. If the query execution exceeds the configured timeout value, the server may close the connection, resulting in the error.

3. Insufficient server resources: If the MySQL server is running out of system resources like memory or processing power, it may terminate connections to free up resources, leading to the error.

4. Large or complex queries: When executing large or complex queries that require substantial processing power or disk I/O, the server may take longer to respond, triggering timeouts and connection termination.


Now, let's explore some potential solutions to resolve the "Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query."

1. Check network connectivity: Ensure that your client and MySQL server are connected properly and there are no network issues. You can test the connectivity by pinging the server or trying to establish a connection using other tools or clients.

2. Adjust timeout settings: Review the timeout settings on your MySQL server and consider increasing the values if you frequently encounter this error. You can modify the `wait_timeout` and `interactive_timeout` variables in the MySQL configuration file (`my.cnf`) or dynamically set them during runtime using the `SET GLOBAL` command.

SET GLOBAL wait_timeout = 3600;
SET GLOBAL interactive_timeout = 3600;

3. Optimize queries: Analyze your queries and optimize them to improve their performance. You can use indexes, limit the number of returned rows, or break down complex queries into smaller, more manageable parts. This can reduce the likelihood of encountering timeouts and connection termination.

4. Increase server resources: If the MySQL server consistently runs out of system resources, consider upgrading the server's hardware or adjusting resource allocation settings. Allocate more memory or processing power to ensure that the server can handle the workload without terminating connections.

5. Handle connections gracefully: In your application code, implement proper error handling and connection management techniques. Catch connection-related exceptions and handle them gracefully, allowing your application to recover from connection failures and continue execution smoothly.

Code Examples

Let's illustrate the "Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query" error with some code examples.

Example 1: PHP

In PHP, you might encounter this error while executing a MySQL query using the `mysqli` extension. Here's an example code snippet that demonstrates this:

$connection = mysqli_connect("localhost
", "username", "password", "database");
$query = "SELECT * FROM large_table";
$result = mysqli_query($connection, $query);
if (!$result) {
die("Query failed: " . mysqli_error($connection));
while ($row = mysqli_fetch_assoc($result)) {
// Process the retrieved data

In this example, if the `large_table` contains a substantial amount of data and the query execution time exceeds the default timeout value, the error may occur.

Example 2: MySQL Command-Line Client

Even while using the MySQL command-line client, you may experience the error if the server terminates the connection due to timeouts or resource constraints. Here's an example:

mysql> SELECT * FROM large_table;
ERROR 2013 (HY000): Lost connection to MySQL server during query

This example demonstrates how executing a query on a large table can trigger the error.

By understanding the "Error 2013: Lost connection to MySQL server during query," its potential causes, and the suggested solutions, you'll be better equipped to handle and troubleshoot this issue. Remember to check network connectivity, adjust timeout settings, optimize queries, allocate sufficient server resources, and handle connections gracefully in your code. Implementing these best practices will help ensure smoother MySQL operations and minimize the occurrence of this error.

Remember to refer to the MySQL documentation and seek further assistance from the community if you encounter persistent issues with this error. Happy coding with MySQL!

Published on Jun 2, 2023

Tags: SQL Tutorials for Beginners, Intermediate and Advanced Users

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